Deforestation is clearing Earth's forests on a massive scale, often resulting in damage to the quality of the land.The world’s rain forests could completely vanish in a hundred years at the current rate of deforestation.
Logging operations, which provide the world’s wood and paper products, also cut countless trees each year. Loggers, some of them acting illegally, also build roads to access more and more remote forests—which leads to further deforestation. Forests are also cut as a result of growing urban sprawl as land is developed for dwellings.
Not all deforestation is intentional. Some are caused by a combination of human and natural factors like wildfires and subsequent overgrazing, which may prevent the growth of young trees.
In 2009, India ranked 10th worldwide in the amount of forest loss, where world annual deforestation is estimated as 13.7 million hectares a year. Deforestation has affected the lives of wild animals and birds including bats. Birds like sparrow, pigeon, and crow are becoming rarer due to deforestation. Due to deforestation, we are facing water problems in urban cities and villages.
In the past decade, Bengaluru — once famous as India’s Garden City for its green spaces — has lost most of its trees.
In Bangalore, 50,000 trees were felled to widen a series of streets in the late 2000s. And between 2011 and 2014, 9,281 trees were felled for the City’s metro and other road-widening projects. The City’s peri-urban outskirts – once full of orchards – have also lost hundreds of trees to pave the way for the expansion of a City whose 47 percent growth rate between 2001 and 2011 was the highest in India.”
Effects of cutting trees
- FILTHY AIR: Without trees, humans would not be able to survive because the air would be unsuitable for breathing. If anything, people would have to develop gas masks that filter the little oxygen that would be left in the air. Trees are a crucial part of the carbon cycle, a global process in which carbon dioxide constantly circulates through the atmosphere into the organism and back again.
- LIFELESS SOIL: If the air hadn't already wiped out everybody, the next disastrous consequence of deforestation is its damaging effect on soil. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 2.5 billion people depend on agriculture for their livelihood. If deforestation gets its way, those people won't be the only ones affected. The soil would become full of dangerous chemicals and pollutants that are usually filtered by trees.
- CHRONIC DROUGHT: Arid conditions will surface not only because of dangerous unfiltered substances but also because at one point it will rarely rain. Sounds crazy, right? During the "dry season," trees regulate and anchor the dirt by releasing water. Deforested areas, however, are liable to chronic droughts that obstruct river navigation, disrupt industrial operations and kill crop production altogether.Storm water runoff (if it rains) not reduced, but increased which I'll contribute to small floods and topsoil erosion.
- NO TREE-BASED PRODUCTS: Of course, if there aren't trees, there won't be any products you can get from them. We use and waste paper every day without realizing we're helping to kill four billion trees cut down every year. Due to global deforestation, there'd be no paper, baseball bats, barrels, books, blocks, benches, crutches, coffee filters, guitars, grocery bags, pencils, pine oil, beds, billboards, buttons, fuelwood, charcoal, Industrial Roundwood, candy wrappers,chewing gum, cork, crayons, spices, egg cartons, kites, linoleum, luggage, paper, ping pong balls, wooden chopsticks, rubber, tambourines, telephone books, tires, bark, fiber, dyes, incense, latexes, oils, resins, shellac, tanning compounds, waxes, toilet paper, turpentine, xylophones or wooden yo-yos. Food harvested from trees like fruits, nuts, berries (and maple syrup) would be nonexistent as well. Other causes of deforestation today include agricultural expansion, infrastructure expansion, conversion to cropland/pasture and the construction of roads. Moreover, countries are forced to increase the rate of forest loss by population pressures, profits, and internal social/political influences.
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